Management is the process of influencing others to accomplish a goal. It involves establishing goals, inspiring people to pursue them and coordinating the efforts of the team to achieve them. There are several different types of management. These categories can differ depending on the nature of the company and the management style employed. Knowing which type of management you are most comfortable with can help you determine the direction of your career.
Top managers are responsible for creating plans and goals that affect the entire organization. They may work with other C-level executives to establish the overall vision of the organization. In some cases, they are hired by the board of directors. A manager’s title also comes with authority to promote employees, set standards, and discipline those who do not meet them.
The term “management” dates back to the XV century French verb “mesnager,” which means to rule or handle horses or horses’ tools. Before the industrial revolution, owners of commercial enterprises carried out the management functions themselves. However, in the early 20th century, comprehensive theories of management began to emerge.
In general, there are five major categories of management. Each of them focuses on a specific aspect of achieving a goal. For instance, top management creates strategic plans, whereas middle management works with supervisors and department managers to ensure that projects are completed on time and within budget.
In the military, there is a concept of a “chain of command.” Everyone knows where they fall in the chain, but there is still a lot of flexibility to allow people to act in limited spheres, with permission from those higher up in the hierarchy.
Management is the art of maximizing the use of resources. It enables an organization to adapt to change in the market. The function also ensures that an organization remains profitable and provides employment opportunities to the community. Ultimately, the management function is about survival. Managing an organization requires that all members are able to fulfill their responsibilities and stay on top of everything. People are the most complex resource to manage. This can have a profound impact on an organization’s culture.
Low management typically consists of supervisory and supervisory-like roles. These individuals often have titles such as shift supervisor or team leader. Middle management is typically a combination of administrative and executive duties. Their jobs involve defining information from top management to lower management and inspiring lower-level managers to reach better performance levels.
Depending on the management style, people are often able to feel the results of the process. Using a more creative approach to management can help improve the performance of a department. Similarly, a more structured approach can help maintain an effective use of machinery and equipment. On the other hand, a more laissez-faire approach can arouse resistance from those affected by the changes.
The goal-setting function is one of the most important of all the management tasks. Goals may be based on improving the quality of service to a particular population or ensuring that an organization is able to meet its profit target. Developing the organization’s vision, creating a strategic plan and developing a roadmap for the future are all tasks that are part of the job of a manager.